The building has an approximate underground footprint of 42,000 square feet (3,900 m2), of which 55,000 square feet (5,100 m2) is retail space. Some authors suggested the "humiliation" that resulted from the Islamic world falling behind the Western world—this discrepancy was rendered especially visible by the globalization trend and a desire to provoke the U.S. into a broader war against the Islamic world in the hope of motivating more allies to support al-Qaeda. Pakistan, already home to many Afghan refugees from previous conflicts, closed its border with Afghanistan on September 17, 2001. Muslim legal scholars "have throughout Islamic history unanimously agreed that the jihad is an individual duty if the enemy destroys the Muslim countries", according to bin Laden.. The design originally included plans to clad the base in glass prisms in order to address criticism that the building might have looked uninviting and resembled a "concrete bunker". All vehicles will be screened for radioactive materials and other potentially dangerous objects before they enter the site through the underground road. , Bin Laden said he had personally directed his followers to attack the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Due to technical difficulties with malfunctioning radio repeater systems, many firefighters never heard the evacuation orders. Along with monetary donations, many Islamic organizations launched blood drives and provided medical assistance, food, and shelter for victims. , The Deutsche Bank Building across Liberty Street from the World Trade Center complex was later condemned as uninhabitable because of toxic conditions inside the office tower, and was deconstructed. Further, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act made the federal government, rather than airports, responsible for airport security.  The plaza is 5 ft 8 in (1.73 m) higher than the adjacent sidewalk.  Debris from the tail section penetrated furthest into the building, breaking through 310 feet (94 m) of the three outermost of the building's five rings..  Two of the hijackers were known to have travelled with a bin Laden associate to Malaysia in 2000 and hijacker Mohammed Atta had previously gone to Afghanistan.  Studies of the economic effects of 9/11 show the Manhattan office real-estate market and office employment were less affected than first feared, because of the financial services industry's need for face-to-face interaction. Observations of acute reactions of young children and their families to the World Trade Center attacks. The fire spread through the core of the building to the 9th and 14th floors, as the insulation for telephone cables, located in a utility shaft that ran vertically between floors, had been ignited. The Philippines and Indonesia, among other nations with their own internal conflicts with Islamic terrorism, also increased their military readiness. Skies, Plot Leader Met bin Laden", "Staff Monograph on 9/11 and Terrorist Travel", "Atta recibió en Tarragona joyas para que los miembros del 'comando' del 11-S se hiciesen pasar por ricos saudíes", "Entry of the 9/11 Hijackers into the United States Staff Statement No. , In March 2014, the tower was scaled by 16-year-old Weehawken, New Jersey resident Justin Casquejo, who entered the site through a hole in a fence.  The FBI concluded that there was "clear and irrefutable" evidence linking al-Qaeda and bin Laden to the attacks.  The tenants have access to below-ground parking, storage, and shopping; access to PATH, New York City Subway trains, and the World Financial Center is also provided at the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, Fulton Street/Fulton Center, Chambers Street, and Cortlandt Street stations.  Final decisions on targets, according to Mohammed, were left in the hands of the pilots. , At 8:32 a.m. FAA officials were notified Flight 11 had been hijacked and they, in turn, notified the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). , The impact of 9/11 extends beyond geopolitics into society and culture in general. Check Out — / — / —. Located at 144 Washington Street off of Greenwich Street, World Center Hotel is conveniently located in the heart of Lower Manhattan — close to many of the historical landmarks, dining, shopping, … The tower is built upon a 185-foot (56 m) tall windowless concrete base, designed to protect it from truck bombs and other ground-level attacks. , Cantor Fitzgerald L.P., an investment bank on the 101st–105th floors of the North Tower, lost 658 employees, considerably more than any other employer.  In an effort to effectively combat future acts of terrorism, the National Security Agency (NSA) was given broad powers.  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