Infanta Pilar 1936. The higher the inbreeding coefficient, the greater the risk of abnormal offspring. For political reasons, marriages between Spanish and Austrian Habsburgs were common; Philip and Mariana were uncle and niece, making Charles their great-nephew and first cousin once removed respectively. /* News Stories, 336x280, created 12/8/08 */ Pin 3K. Source: TRAJAN 117 / Public Domain. By the time of Charles's birth there had been many generations of inbreeding within the Spanish royal house;his physical and mental disabilities are widely attributed to this inbreeding. "We may speculate that most of the symptomatology showed by Charles II could be explained by two different genetic disorders produced by detrimental recessive alleles (gene types) at two unlinked loci (sites in the genetic code). google_ad_width = 336; Scientists have proven inbreeding brought about severe facial deformations and collapsed of one of Europe's most powerful historical dynasties. A team of Spanish scientists studied genealogical information for Charles II and 3,000 of his relatives and ancestors spanning 16 generations. King Charles II of Spain was physically and mentally disabled, infertile — and extremely inbred. Perhaps the most inbred human being to have ever lived. google_ad_height = 280; Inbreeding Among Royals: 14 Monarchs Who Experienced the Side Effects of Incest. for his physical disabilities. August 20, 2009 at 9:13 AM The amount of inbreeding within a family is measured by what is known as the inbreeding coefficient. At 30 he looked like an "old person", suffering from swellings due to water retention on his feet, legs, abdomen and face. Juan Filiberto 1969. In the painting above is Charles II , king of Spain, the last of the Spanish Hapsburgs, and an imbecile whose premature death at the age of 39 ushered in a period of dynastic chaos which led to the War of Spanish Succession . AS the British royal family welcome the Spanish King and Queen on a state visit today, here is a look at the Spanish royal family tree in pictures. Charles II was a physically and mentally impaired individual who was the product of generations of inbreeding. A "cousin marriage" is the wedding of 2 people related by blood through an earlier generation. | Terms | Privacy | Link to Us. Perhaps the most inbred human being to have ever lived. Two hundred years of inbreeding among European royals IS to blame for a facial deformity known as the 'Habsburg jaw', scientists claim. Royal inbreeding extinguished the Spanish Habsburg dynasty which ended with the death of King Charles II in 1700, genetic evidence suggests. Luis Gómez de Acebo 1934-1991. Chelsea v Leeds, Premier League: What time is kick-off, what TV channel is it on and what is our prediction. , Home | Search | Records | Articles | About The Hapsburgs are one of those royal families who are relatively well known, and in the minds of the public are to a great extent the emblems of the downsides of inbreeding. Tradition ran against the power of the ministers, as the royal family was accustomed to intermarriage to keep the bloodline pure. Family feuding was not the only calamity that resulted from the royal inbreeding. Analysis was carried out to determine if it was connected to the degree of facial deformity. Charles II and his grandfather, Philip III, were the two individuals with the highest inbreeding coefficients. This is the official family tree of Charles II of Spain. Throughout history, cousin-to-cousin marriages have been an essential means of maintaining stability among royal classes. Royals in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, and Monaco are related to each other, as well as to the British royal family.
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